Sarah Rector was once known as the “richest colored girl in the world.” She was born to African descendants of the Creek Indian tribe in the all-black town of Taft. As part of the Treaty of 1866, 600 black children were granted 160 acres of land a piece. To cover property taxes, her father leased the land to an oil company that discovered a gusher while drilling. This brought their daily allotment to $300 a day.
Given her wealth, Sarah was declared to be a white person so that she could travel by means befitting her new station.
Later in life she would go on to own a car company as well as a restaurant. However, she lost most of her money in the Great Depression.